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10 Benefits Of Hiring A Professional Pest Control Company

Properties that have suffered pest or insect damage can add up in value and cost thousands of dollars to repair just to pass the home inspection. Proactive pest control can save you money both in the future and in the present. Regularly scheduled service visits build a pest sign around your home that lets pests know they’re not welcome. Regular pest control services provide benefits that protect you, your family, the food you eat, and your home from problematic, disease-transmitting pests. The pest control service does not say goodbye immediately after a service. They have some packages that include a monthly service to stop malware.

They know their habits, where they tend to infest, their life cycles, and how they usually get into their homes. If you have ever had questions about these pests, they can answer them. Professionals have a clear understanding of how to treat each individual pest, as pest control is not a “one size fits all” approach.

Maintaining year-round pest control helps reduce the likelihood of greater infestation and the problems associated with it. Instead of paying a lot of unplanned money, you can budget for affordable pest control prevention that could end up costing a fraction of a complete eradication. In addition to contaminating your food, pests can also trigger allergies or asthma attacks, give bites and stings, and even carry parasites and transmit diseases. The easiest way to protect the house from damage from these pests is to keep them from staying in your home. His home is his sanctuary, and he invested a considerable amount of resources and put a lot of love into securing and caring for it.

There are many benefits of pest control services and it is a good practice to use them when you feel the need. One-time treatments are a necessary part of pest control, especially when it comes to infestation. Before you can do anything else, the plague you are dealing with must be overcome in order to move forward. Once the pest has been removed and/or treated, more work can be done to eliminate the remaining remnants of the pests. A professional pest controller not only offers a single destruction service, but usually offers packages divided into different intervals.

But if you hire a good pest control service, they will completely kill the pests along with the monthly service. So, save yourself the handling of the dangerous spray and call a pest control service today to eliminate any type of pest. However, if your house has disgusting pests, you can not sleep in peace.

A great advantage of professional pest control is that technicians do not always resort to chemical treatments as a remedy. Professionals often use chemicals as a last resort, Pest Control Services Huntsville rather than opting for other means first. The extensive knowledge they have in the treatment of any type of pest is useful, since there are several ways to get rid of pests.

Some pests are particularly resistant to store-bought pest control methods. For any homeowner, regular pest care is another reality of owning a property. Keeping pests away and protecting your home from damage is part of home ownership. Then pest control is required for eradication and then they learn that damage, money and time could have been saved with regular pest care.

Our experienced exterminators know where to look and what to look out for to identify invisible threats. Because work is critical to your family’s safety and health, pest control companies take it very seriously. Only the best and most experienced staff will be sent to you to help you with your pest problems.

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Guide To Choosing The Legal Structure Of Your Company

It is important to consider the hosting features you need and be guided by them when deciding on a provider. When business owners take the time to choose a reliable web hosting company, they make sure that their website remains accessible and secure at all times. Choosing a web host at random, based on pricing alone, can lead to disastrous results. Find out exactly what web hosting is, why it is important and our best tips for choosing the right host for your business. Never settle for old technologies that cannot provide you with a robust and secure software application.

Full-stack company for digital product development, IT outsourcing, customer-specific software development and web development. If so, you may not be able to choose the best video production company. To make the right decision, I advise you to have a clear understanding of the overall budget. When searching for web hosting companies, always look for a way to contact the provider’s customer support.

Early-stage companies may not be aware of the challenges that may arise during the life cycle of custom software development. Now that you know what you are looking for, you have to decide whether you want to hire a local custom software development company or send your project abroad. Now you understand how to choose a software development company that will meet the needs of your project and, ultimately, will be one of the largest assets for your corporate network.

Here are some questions you can ask to make sure you choose the right company for custom software development. Whether you’re building a business or consumer app, there’s a lot to consider when developing mobile apps. That’s why it’s important to consider how each app agency you talk to handles development.

Cloud-based platforms are designed for scalability to meet growing customer requirements. As the company grows and needs to add additional services from the technology provider, new features and functions can be easily and seamlessly integrated without disturbing the employer. For cloud-based platforms, the provider manages regular system updates to ensure that the platform runs smoothly.

If the nature of your business requires a mobile platform, don’t worry either. However, there have been exclusive cases of property conflicts between custom software development companies and business owners. In order to avoid such conflicts in your project, make sure that the contract clearly establishes the condition of ownership in accordance with the laws of each country. The next important thing to consider when choosing a custom software development company is communication channel analysis. This becomes even more important when choosing an offshore software development company. You need to make sure that you can communicate with them and that you both speak at least one common language.

Companies with in-house developers have a team together and can work more smoothly. You can also take the developers with you in case there are any problems after launch. In addition, custom software development companies with in-house developers have a clearly defined process and are likely to deliver within the required time. These are just a few common techniques for which you can hire developers or even try them out at the company that creates your software.

During the software development process, some features may occur that seem necessary for inclusion in the custom software. But over time, people change, as well as their preferences and requirements. Meanwhile, the knot.The JS platform is a new kid in the block and is supported by a wide community and many innovative companies. If you want to create a very innovative and interactive project, choose.Js may be the best option.

The different features you want to add, the features you want to implement, or the hardware you want to run will need different techniques to build. You may need a combination of these or other techniques to develop custom software. Choosing the right company for custom software development it support schaumburg is the most important aspect when creating your product. They also ensure that you get functional, user-oriented and powerful software at the right time and on the right budget. You should now have a good understanding of your business needs and think about how Mobile can meet them.

When creating or converting this program, you will have to think a lot. You need to make important decisions about the techniques on which your business idea depends. Decisions that affect the performance and scalability of your application. But also the speed of development (including the time to market) and the ability to find the right developers to sponsor your program. And while it’s not impossible to change the technology stack in the future, it’s also hard work that you’d rather avoid. So you want to be sure that you have talented developers at your disposal who will maintain and update your software.

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5 Advanced Reasons Why You Should Hire A Small Wedding Photographers Company

The best wedding photographers are generally booked up to a year or more in advance, which is the timeline most couples are planning their wedding. Therefore, booking the wedding photographer should be one of your top priorities, along with the wedding planner, if your budget allows, and the wedding venue. As mentioned above, most professional wedding photographers generally have a specific photography style that you want to keep in mind when choosing it. There are different styles depending on the technique the photographer uses, and you may want to see some wallets before you settle into them. On the other hand, you may plan to have a small intimate wedding, or you may have a limited budget for the wedding.

Likewise, to capture our memories on a given day like our wedding, we naturally need a professional photographer. AWedding Photographer knows how to search for light and multiple shots. They are well trained, have many years of experience, take photos, edit and choose the best images to present the entire history or wedding album. We can all take pictures on our mobile phone or normal camera, but hiring a professional photographer on the wedding day can capture the most important moments on the wedding day. Not everyone feels comfortable for a camera lens, and while you may feel more comfortable taking pictures of a friend or family member, it can still be difficult for some people to relax in the spotlight. The inconvenience is almost always reflected in the photos and it is not exactly how you want to remember your wedding day.

Creativity is the only thing that allows us to tell the story in a perfect way. As a professional photographer I have my degree in photography and not only will I capture the love you feel on your wedding day, but I will do this by creating art that you will cherish forever. I don’t think being a wedding photographer is just about ‘fixing the moments’. While that’s one of the things I mentioned here, what you’re really looking for as a girlfriend is someone who improves every moment. The first thing you plan on after recording and deciding on the wedding date is to find the location and ceremony.

If you cut corners and cut your cake to save money, no one will notice or remember it, and your cake will be consumed in a few days. But at the end of your wedding day, you are left with all the wedding images that tell a timeless story and contain many beautiful memories that you will have for the rest of your life. Therefore, choose a professional wedding photographer specializing in weddings. There are many reasons why you should consider paying for a professional.

I also travel many, eighteen countries and twenty-four states; That means I don’t mind flying to your wedding to shoot. I would like to give you the contact details of a friend and let them Pre Wedding Photoshoot Sydney tell you how much fun they had with me. Make friends with me on Facebook, follow me on Instagram to see exactly who you would get as a wedding photographer; I will not disappoint you.

If you have your cousin, the fan who shoots everyone will be in front of them and will not respect the role they should play during the day. After reading this article, the benefits will be clear if it is important for you to have lasting memories of your wedding day that you can share and appreciate, this is an easy decision. Hiring a professional photographer ensures that you get the best quality images with the best quality equipment. Cameras are only a very small part of the equation when capturing the perfect photo. Professional photographers have the experience and tenacity to capture moments on the wedding day that a typical guest cannot. Simple moments look impressive when captured by a professional photographer.

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How To Choose The Best Seo Company

This blog discusses each of the most important steps in the SEO rental process that you can follow when hiring an SEO service provider for your business. Asking SEO agency recommendations from your existing network of business professionals belonging to the same industry as yours is a good source of information. These are the people who have previously received help from a trusted SEO company and can provide honest reviews and respond to your provider’s services, and lead you on the right track. Hiring a professional makes your SEO effort more effective and faster, however, because we all know that SEO is a time consuming process. Therefore, it may take several months or years to classify websites on search engines if they are handled by a non-SEO As mentioned above, professional search engine optimization companies will provide SEO analysis services and keep you periodically informed of results.

Before logging into a new SEO provider, it is best to do an initial survey to learn more about their services, the focus and results they have generated for their customers. This includes exploring their social media profiles, looking for customer testimonials and consulting case studies on their website. Hiring a search engine optimization company seems simple, but it is a crucial task that your company can create or break. Finding the right SEO service provider for your organization can help set up your business as a brand and generate revenue. If the SEO provider links link making links, ask how they link websites to their customers.

This can come in the form of a negative press, building negative links as a whole or even putting together a negative marketing campaign. You can also hide additional keywords on your page or something related to spam. It’s like trying to force brutes to succeed, which works pretty well in some cases. Compared to Whitehat, this is the “evil side” of the playing field. When you hire an excellent service, they always ensure that your content is optimized and that your backlinks are always under control. It has a great location and a new restaurant lease, all of which are beautiful and stylish, except that no one absolutely knows who you are.

You can’t expect an SEO campaign to yield results after a day, but how long does it really take to classify keywords?? Each company has a different rate to run SEO depending on its resources, time investments and employees. Your answer can give you a first taste in your SEO depth of knowledge.

When you hire SEO ethical services to manage your needs, they will be building backlinks in the right direction. They will not take shortcuts and they will certainly not build many inadequate links. Links must come from trusted (and quality / authorized) websites, because search engines think you are in the same herd.

To check your next link profile, you can use a variety of different SEO tools available online. Moz actually has a fantastic one, which I recommend you to check. It’s very simple, all you seo xidmeti have to do is write down your website address and be blessed with a wealth of backlink information. Reel construction is ideal not only for local SEO needs, but also for global goals.

I think it is essential that customers ask how SEO fits into their current marketing plan or who they also work with designing a marketing plan. Long-term good results will only take place if SEO works in combination with content, social media, relationship building, etc. White Hat Practices: One of the problems many companies face hiring fake SEO companies is the fact that those companies use black hat practices to achieve rankings. While the results may be encouraging at first, websites are quickly punished and disappear from search results.

Hiring SEO experts such as Graeme Winchester SEO Consultant is the only goal to improve the performance of your current website and make it user-friendly. But hiring the best SEO service in Singapore seems like a difficult task with so many options on your side. In no time you can catch up with the best SEO expert in the city to serve you well. In the world of digital marketing and SEO, like any service company, references are quite standard. A renowned SEO consultant will understand that a business owner wants to speak to customers from the past and must be able to offer at least some references.

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Restart An E-commerce Company From Scratch

Website makers make building quick and easy – you don’t need any technical skills and the installation process is super easy, which means you can start creating your online store right away. WooCommerce is free and open source, which is great news to build your online store while trying to keep costs down. Once configured, you can choose from free and paid WooCommerce extensions, such as product page features or payment improvements. And it’s all up to the mobile app development company, the developer team and the competition.

Apart from this, the two and not as a retail app develops to make more money are shown in the figure for a clear understanding. The business plan of an online clothing store should be sufficient if you only manage an e-commerce store. This type of plan includes more “offline” marketing options such as local events, non-digital ads and shopping experiences.

This allows you to learn more about your customers’ shopping habits and adapt your marketing strategy to their personal needs. In summary, mobile retail applications are very beneficial for most companies: they can help increase sales and improve brand responsibility, How to Create a Retail App? customize a company with different integrations. A mobile retail app offers you many options for extensive analysis. One of the most useful features is that you have quick access to user purchase statistics and can analyze your purchase data.

For analysis purposes, companies can use comment forms, store reviews from which they download the application, their activities, etc. If developers do not analyze and customers continue to experience the problems, they will eventually remove the app. You need professional help from a company dedicated to developing mobile retail applications that can develop an innovative application for your retail business. However, there are two options: internal development and outsourcing.

The catalog must be divided into categories, the categories must be carefully determined. The catalog must also include the price of the products, their details, the offers associated with those products and the products purchased with them. The catalog can be very long and can contain many products, which means that the application data can be stored too much, and the retail company can get help from a Big Data Solutions company. The catalog must also contain product images so that users can know what the real product looks like. Developers must develop a vertical specifically for customers and application creators to share different events and their experiences. This helps makers interact with customers and make them feel connected to their business.

Once your application is complete, don’t forget to use analytics to track and continuously improve your application to ensure continued user satisfaction and consistency with business goals. From start to finish, the process of realizing your mobile application must be reflective, calculated and specific, tailored to your audience and the objectives of your company. AppSheet can help your company create simple, easy-to-use mobile apps adapted to your specific goals.

In addition, Urban Airship has noted that this aspect increases the retention of applications by almost 2x, which generally reminds that its brand customers are paying off. This feature is an easy way to add value to your application and attract users to return. With nearly 4 million applications available in the Apple App Store and Google Play Store, users have many options for mobile shopping, entertainment, health, productivity, finance and other services. As more and more applications come onto the market, it is more important than ever for small business owners and marketers to create specific marketing strategies for their mobile applications. There must be a reason why retail app customers should keep the app on their smartphones and know that retailers and developers should analyze the experience users have while using their app.

The same is true if you already sell your products online, but need help to make it even more efficient and innovative. Contact us so that we can start our partnership and make your brand thrive in the world of online shopping. Days passed when customers preferred to use e-commerce websites to shop online. Mobile apps have been increasing for a long time and are attracting the attention of loyal customers, especially in retail.

Identify the user’s journey and define the stages of their experiences from start to finish to understand their context. Clearly define the business objectives you are trying to achieve through the application. Identify analyzes to track and manage job prioritization to ensure it meets established business goals. Build with an iterative development that connects all internal and external data points.

Believe us, it costs less than printing newspaper ads or renting billboards. Raising awareness of your brand in the online environment is cheaper and easier if you know how to show its value. Selling things through mobile apps is completely different from selling them personally. Everything changes: marketing, customer service, payment and shipping process, return. AR and VR are widely used in the development of mobile retail applications to bridge the gap between offline and offline shopping experiences. The product catalog can last a long time and finding a product as you scroll through it can be an exhausting process for users.

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How To Start A Boat Rental Company

You can use it to develop a website such as BoatSetter, GetMyBoat and various other boat rental markets. With significant profit potential in the online boat rental sector, the participation of several new players is long anticipated. In this blog you will learn about existing players in the boat rental industry, the work of a boat rental website and many more aspects to help you start your own boat rental company. Each boat owner can list his boat on different platforms shared between pairs specializing in boats.

It is imperative that entrepreneurs carefully evaluate locations and markets before doing business. Renting small, motorized and volatile boats to fishermen can be a very lucrative rental company to settle in your area. Fishermen travel far and wide in search of the perfect fishing pit.

Luxury Liners offers its own yacht charter on various new model yachts. Enjoy our coastal cruises and night charters to Catalina and Malibu Island. Our luxury yachts are perfect for sport fishing, whale watching, dolphin spotting and water sports, as well as for family holidays, proposals, funerals at sea and special parties. Our private chef’s custom menu creations are made all over again with the best ingredients.

The large number of tourists visiting the area is favorable; Tourists are the soul of many boat rental companies. The characteristics of the waterways in the area can also help entrepreneurs determine which types or styles of boats are for rent. Motor boats and personal boats such as jet skis are popular options in larger lakes or on ocean locations. Yachts with night or weekend accommodation also make sense for rental near larger waters. In less open places, such as smaller rivers or lakes, small motor boats, rowing boats and boats such as kayaks or canoes can make more sense.

There are certain risks when you own a boat rental company, including the risk of liability if a customer is injured on your boat. But with good planning and good insurance, you can turn your love for ships into a lucrative undertaking. When you find a business and the type of https://charterclick.com/dubai/power_boat market the company can benefit from are two of the key factors that help determine business success. In the boat rental, these factors can affect the entire operation, including the types of boats for rent, the price structure and even the legal requirements for the company.

Try the world cruises, which take place on a FantaSea yacht, are open to the public and run periodically all year round; click here to see the schedule and tickets. By starting a boat rental company, it offers people the opportunity to share the great experience of being in the water and everything they need to show. Keep a clear focus on the type of experience you want to provide while marketing and bringing customers together. Many water sports enthusiasts want to know if it is possible to rent a boat from the Goodhue Boat Company, but they enjoy time to sail elsewhere.

This article covers a full range of topics, from finding the right location, getting the right rights, recruiting the right people, mapping and maintaining important operations. These 11 steps are guiding principles for starting, building or franchising a successful boat rental company. At every step, you provide a solid foundation and infrastructure to build your boat rental business while providing benefits to employees, the community and stakeholders involved.

The company can be water-based and operated from a marina or a rented dock. Or the company can be land and the boats can be hired with a trailer. For starters, design colorful brochures and distribute them in hotels, motels and tourist attractions. Brochures must contain information about your boat rental, including rates and size of boat and motorcycle. Hotels and motels can act as booking agents for the company and provide excellent service to their guests. Consider a rental income department of maybe 20 percent for the booking agent and 80 percent for you.

Consumers of the future prioritize experience over material elements and want picturesque and dignified experiences. This makes the maritime business very attractive and with the right knowledge, concept and design of the boat, boat rental can be a very profitable business idea to get started. After serving more than 500,000 guests worldwide and millions, it is reasonable to say that we have become experts in opening and operating boat rental.

In this way we make navigation fun, safe and always convenient for our customers. Rent is ready-made software with all essential functions to start a boat rental company. It supports unlimited statements and has no limit on annual sales transactions. Rental has no processing costs and the software itself is available at a single price. Rent also supports all popular APIs such as MailChimp, AfterShip, Google Maps, PayPal, etc. available in SaaS solutions Renting as an online rental software supports various types of rental activities, including boat rental.

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7 Advantages Of Mobile Applications For Your Company In 2021

You can offer rewards for downloading the application or for purchasing through the application. These rewards encourage people to re-register in the app, talk to you regularly, and discover new products or services they previously didn’t know. By using a well-designed application, customers are digitally transported to your store, and just like when they are in your space, your application has your full attention. The importance of developing mobile applications for companies is clear today, as more users are gradually trying to do things virtually. If you don’t have a mobile app for your business, it indicates that you are losing the perspective of taking advantage of the growing number of smartphone users.

Instead of logging in and searching, you better give them live updates and all possible support in the mobile app to reap the benefits of mobile apps. Mobile apps have become the essential marketing tool for large and small companies to stay strong and travel on the e-business market for a long time. With the continued growth of mobile devices and the constantly evolving consumer behavior, one application will quickly become an expectation for each company. Building a mobile app is a sure way to stay competitive and ensure a strong presence in your industry. They enable companies to distinguish themselves from the crowd by providing a visually attractive and interactive environment.

It is humiliating and encouraging to know that 52% of your online orders are completed through a mobile application. If you offer products or services on the Internet, use a mobile app for sale. Allow customers to do the same if they would do conventionally when they are in their office. The more opportunities you offer potential customers to communicate with you, the better your business will be. When you promote specific products or new offers or discounts in other marketing channels, you increase awareness and dedication by sending related push notifications to users of your business application.

You can decide to make it modern, elegant, informative, functional or impressive. But what you should try to do is create an application that your customers will love, but it comes with a beautiful design and is well marked. All these direct communication options are available within reach within the mobile application of your company for current and potential customers of your company. The benefits of mobile applications are even greater when you decide to develop a custom mobile application with more flexibility and features based on business requirements.

Explorate Global Software is an IT company that offers a set of web and mobile application development services for various industries in the industry. Our innovative solutions can push boundaries and give companies a competitive advantage. You should always remain available to them as a way to get multiple contact points to meet your requirements.

In recent years, there has been a major change in the way people search for products and services. Where word of mouth and browsing the website were once the solutions, people now prefer to look for their smartphones for things while traveling, wait for an appointment and even during their free time. A mobile app attracts the attention of the target group and improves the overall visibility of your company. You can take advantage of mobile applications to emphasize your business.

Because apps are faster, more interactive and easier to navigate compared to websites, the availability of an app for your business is likely to encourage the customer to choose it for purchase. The essence is that websites help increase the brand, mainly through social media, but are applications where most sales take place. But before jumping on the mobile app cart for your business, it’s a good idea to step back and see what exactly you need and achieve from the app. Understanding the many benefits of developing commercial mobile applications is the best way to address this. The next step is to remove the unnecessary and list of favorites that are suitable for your business.

With a mobile application, a company can communicate directly with its customer. Mobile apps are a great strategy to keep your customers committed to your brand and offer unique features that are more attractive than the internet. Custom mobile apps can be partially or completely adapted to your business needs. These applications have been adapted to reach a specific target group instead of offering a solution suitable for a large group with variable requirements. This is the main reason why the development of custom mobile applications is gaining ground and proves to be an attractive option for companies.

With great offers and promotions you can create a mobile app for many potential customers. Make sure to make an irresistible offer and sign up through an app to enjoy Best App Building Softwares the benefits of mobile business applications. The idea is to reach a large customer base with your offers through timely notification and pop-ups in the application.

Apparently you should have a website with a responsive design that can familiarize you with one of the different mobile devices out there right now. However, a mobile app will increase sales in addition to its responsive website while improving the customer experience. According to Techcrunch, 35.4 percent of Black Friday sales were on mobile devices last year. If you don’t use a mobile app that encourages more sales and makes it easier and more exciting for your customers to press the “Buy” button, you will miss many changes from a growing market. When customer satisfaction increases, sales also increase automatically. According to SalesForce, 70 percent of business experiences are influenced by the way customers think they are treated.

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Profile Of The British American Tobacco Company, News, Rankings

A 1991 study of 640 children in Glasgow, Scotland, discovered that children who were aware of cigarette advertising at the beginning of the study, reported a growing intention to smoke over the course of a year than children who were less aware of or less interested in the ads. In the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement, Large cigarette companies agreed on some restrictions in advertisements and promotions aimed directly at young people, However, The industry has continued to market tobacco, largely through traditional advertising and promotion, with a greater emphasis on one-to-one approaches, such as direct mail and online marketing. Although young people are no longer exposed to certain forms of advertising, such as television advertising or outdoor billboards, they are still exposed to some direct marketing efforts (King and Siegel 2001; Siegel 2001). In addition, industry marketing efforts targeting young adults, allowed by the agreement, have indirect indirect effects on young people through young adults who are ambitious models for young people (Kastenbaum et al. 1972; Montepare and Lachman 1989; Zollo 1995). Marketing efforts aimed at young adults can also affect the starting rates of tobacco within this population, as campaigns have been shown to promote regular smoking and increase consumption levels . There are also indications that between 2002 and 2009 more and more young adults will start smoking, although this increase stabilized in 2010 (administration of substance abuse and mental health, unpublished data, 2005–2010; see also Chapter 3, Appendix 3.1.31) .

Electronic cigarette advertisements (electronic cigarettes), which are currently not sold under existing cigarette brands, prevail on the web. Information about electronic cigarettes is widely distributed through internet advertisements, blogs (p. E.g., Electronic Cigarette Tavern and Electronic Cigarette Magazine) and commercialists (p. ex., Electronic cigarettes, Inc. and smoke everywhere). Electronic cigarettes are battery-powered devices that heat a liquid nicotine solution in a cigarette-shaped tube that turn users over to breathe in a steam filled with nicotine. They are mainly sold via the internet via commercial websites (Noel et al. 2011) and, to a lesser extent, through kiosks in shopping centers and tobacconists. Web-based searches using the terms “electronic cigarette”, “electronic cigarette” and “electronic cigarette” restore hundreds of sites that sell and / or promote electronic cigarettes, including retail marketing sites, electronic cigarette defense sites, blogs, advertisements, press releases and sponsored articles.

Commercial e-cigarette websites contain a variety of messages to promote products, including being a safer and / or healthier alternative to smoking tobacco cigarettes (Blucigs 2011; Direct E-cig 2011; Smoking Everywhere 2011). Other reports include that e-cigarettes are a new or modern way of smoking and can be used in places where smoking is not allowed (Gamucci 2011; Smoking Everywhere 2011). Many sites include instructional videos (Blucigs 2011; Greensmoke 2011), testimonials on the benefits of using electronic cigarettes (Blucigs 2011; Gamucci 2011) and images of people using the products in places covered by smoke-free laws . Some sites also use social media features, such as Facebook and Twitter, to encourage visitors to support or “like” their products or connect with other users .

For example, Lancaster and Lancaster concluded that there is no evidence of an effect of bans targeting marketing and advertising costs for cigarette smoking. According to many theoretical behavioral models, including TTI, behavioral intentions are immediate precursors to behavior and are one of the strongest predictors of future behavior. Systematic assessments have found that behavioral intentions are strong and robust predictors of behavior (Armitage and Connor 2001; Sheeran 2002). In addition, research shows that advertising and promotion have influenced the behavioral intentions regarding smoking in a way that leads to an increase in adolescent sensitivity to smoking onset and progression to solid smoking. In a 2002 study, ninth-class students exposed to cigarette ads were found to have significantly more positive beliefs about smokers, as well as more positive intentions to smoke in the future than those who were not exposed to such ads .

Figure 5.12 summarizes the results of longitudinal studies of early smoking in adolescents who have used measures to restore film exposure (results 5-10). Four studies of white adolescents (Dalton et al. 2003; Jackson et al. 2007; Hanewinkel and Sargent 2008; Titus-Ernstoff et al. 2008) from the United States and Germany yielded results consistent with multivariate estimates of relative risk in the 2-3 range. Smaller risk measures were found among Latin American Americans (Wilkinson et al. 2009), and the findings were void for Mexican adolescents (Thrasher et al. 2009). Between 1990 and 2007, Sargent and Heatherton compared smoke developments in the top 25 cash register hits each year with trends in smoking for young people resulting from the MTF survey. Based on your work, Figure 5.10 illustrates parallel to low trends for smoking movies and smoking in teenagers among the eighth graders after 1996.

This section briefly discusses pricing strategies in the sector and examines relatively limited research into the relationships between these strategies (especially promotions to lower prices) and tobacco use among young people. Given the importance of local, state and federal taxes in determining the price, the most comprehensive study of the impact of taxes and prices on tobacco consumption among young people will be covered in Chapter 6. As described in more detail in that chapter, an important finding shows that young people respond more than adults to price changes in terms of tobacco consumption.

A longitudinal study using Future Monitoring data has illustrated the importance of non-smoking intentions and the need for young people to develop and maintain firm and future intentions not to smoke (Wakefield et al. 2004). After analyzing the data, Wakefield and colleagues concluded that “having a firm intention not to smoke within 5 years has a generally protective effect on the probability of smoking in the future” (p. 918, 921) that “has a protective effect, regardless of the current level of smoking experience” (p. 921). Still, there is also evidence from MTF data suggesting that intentions do not predict future behaviors of abandonment. In two MTF-based studies, a large proportion of students who smoked believed that they would not smoke in 3 years, but approximately two thirds still smoked between 5 and 9 years later (Lynch and Bonnie 1994; Johnston et al. 2002). These last two studies show that, like most adults, adolescents underestimate the risk of addiction (Slovic 2001; Halpern-Felsher et al. 2004).

NCI’s monograph on tobacco discouragement, The Role of the Media in promoting and reducing tobacco consumption, also examined evidence on how tobacco marketing efforts affect adolescent tobacco consumption. Using numerous studies and documents from the tobacco industry, the report concluded that even a short exposure to tobacco advertising affects the attitude and perception of smoking and the intentions of teenagers to smoke. In addition, evidence that exposure to cigarette advertising affects teenagers who don’t smoke to start smoking and switch to regular smoking. Although Philip Morris withdrew his TV ad campaign against parents after the Wakefield study and colleagues were published, he still quotes his own weak evaluation data to suggest his “Talk”. Tobacco companies recruit new smokers and their advertising campaigns attract teenagers’ aspirations (Perry 1999; Lovato et al. 2003; United States v. Philip Morris USA, 449 F. Supp. 2d 1, 980 [D.D.C. 2006]; NCI 2008).

The most plausible justification for ad spending at the observed level would be to attract new customers to generate long-term cash flow for businesses (Tye et al. 1987). In addition, the nature of the images used in the ads clearly attracts teenagers’ ambitions, suggesting they are a target . Several longitudinal studies have investigated the relationship between cigarette marketing exposure and subsequent changes in adolescent smoking behavior, while monitoring for potential disruptive factors. Pierce and his associates estimate that in 1993, 34% of smoking adolescent smoking experiments in California could be attributed to tobacco Springfield m1a socom advertising and marketing. Tobacco manufacturers have long argued that their marketing efforts do not increase overall demand for tobacco products and do not affect the onset of tobacco consumption among young people; rather they claim to compete with other companies for market share. On the other hand, The evidential value of extensive and increasingly advanced research that has been carried out in recent decades, shows that marketing activities in the industry have been a key factor in leading young people to tobacco, prevent some users from stopping, and achieve greater consumption among users (National Cancer Institute 2008).

He kept all other factors constant, as every 10 hours a week the teen watched television last year, he was 11% more likely to be a current smoker. This study is valuable because once adult smoking has been diagnosed as a result of nicotine addiction, major changes in smoking behavior are unlikely to occur based on annual changes in ad level. In summary, the internal documents themselves and evidence from the tobacco industry indicate that industry should recruit new smokers among young people. The evidence in this chapter shows multiple strategies for the tobacco industry to pursue this goal of increasing the initiation and use of tobacco products among young people.