This summary also highlights a significant diversity in state sex education standards in public schools across the country, but also warns against focusing on limited topics such as teenage pregnancy and abstinence. The authors further emphasize the importance of consistent messages as opposed to the current structure, which can provide inconsistent, confusing and / or misleading information about sex education. As discussed above, sex education is not mandatory across the country, nor is the curriculum consistent across all states that have implemented the legislation. This inequality continues to affect young adults after graduation, putting them at greater risk for a variety of health and social problems unknown to them . The advantage of updated legislation across the country, complete and uniform, would be to produce more informed students who can make better decisions .
The issue of a widely inconsistent and generally flawed sex education curriculum, both nationally and internationally, is becoming increasingly relevant. The victims of sexual violence do not decrease, but have increased, even in the context of substantial non-reporting (Smith et al. 2018; Morgan and Oudekerk, 2018; CDC, 2019). The aim of drawing attention to improving existing sex education curricula is to reduce the number of victims of sexual violence in the future. The implementation of extensive evidence-based programs has yielded positive results in previous studies, as young people’s risk behavior has decreased . However, a revision of current state law shows that at least half of the nation receives limited or no sex education in public schools of K-12 (Planned Parenthood, 2016; Leung et al. 2019; NCSL, 2020).
There is some flexibility in the way the subject is taught, but there are some required principles, such as sexual diversity and sexual assertiveness. Moreover, according to Amy Schalet, Dutch parents tend to establish close relationships with their children, talking openly about adolescent sexuality. Dutch parents try to accept the romantic relationships of their children and even allow sleepovers, waiting for sex. The media has encouraged an open dialogue and the healthcare system ensures confidentiality and an unbiased approach.
As they develop, we want them to gain more and more control over their lives so that as they age, they can make important life decisions themselves. The balance between responsibility and rights is crucial because it sets behavioral expectations and builds confidence and provides young people with the knowledge, ability and comfort to manage their sexual health throughout life in a reflective, powerful and responsible manner. Society must provide young people with honest and age-appropriate information they need to live healthy lives and build healthy relationships, and young people must take personal responsibility for their health and well-being. Defenders should also work to remove barriers to sexual health, including poverty and lack of access to medical care. All young people need comprehensive sexual health education, while others also need sexual health services. Young people with a disproportionate risk of sexual health inequalities may also need specific interventions specifically designed to build self-effectiveness and freedom of choice.
Information about abortion is also important because it addresses the negative effect of abortion and how safe sex can be had to prevent sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies. The National Sex Education Standards established by the Future Sex Education Initiative provide an example of an inclusive LGBT curriculum. These educational standards describe seven central themes that need to be addressed in sex education; One of those central themes is identity. The identity theme presents lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender identities as opportunities for students as they progress in life and understand who they are. These standards, which advocate the future of sex education, will begin in kindergarten and evolve into more complex issues during education as students age and age. In the UK, the Growing Up Safe program from BigTalk Education, which includes education on LGBT relationships from primary school, received the Pamela Sheridan Award 2017 for innovation and good practice in sex education and relationships, services and projects for young people.
This article presents an evidence-based review of sex education programs in a sample of 10 schools from the Office of Adolescent Health . This analysis evaluates whether the programs follow a comprehensive educational model supported by National Sex Education Standards. This assessment is essential because it emphasizes the pros and cons of sex education programs based Sex doll on the level of completeness with regard to content. A third and final policy proposal follows the structure of a peer education program known as Students with a Realistic Mission (SWARM; Butler, Jeter and Andrades, 2002). This program model proved successful in integrating service learning and peer education into the health education curriculum (Butler et al. 2002).
Promoting and implementing school-based sex education programs has a positive impact on student health. Sex education opens conversations that students would never have had or never had before. I am talking in particular about abstinence, STI education, HIV education, contraception options and access, reduced risk behavior and generally remain healthy. Quality education in the field of sexual health provides students with the knowledge and skills to help them stay healthy and avoid human immunodeficiency virus, sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies. In 2000, the China Family Planning Association introduced a new five-year project to “promote reproductive health education among Chinese teenagers and single youth” in twelve boroughs and three provinces.
A general general recommendation would be to use an evidence-based program to restructure sexual health education at K-12 schools in the United States, with an emphasis on a joint approach at micro and macro level (Schmidt et al. 2015; Whillier, Spence, Giuriato and Chiro, 2019). This could be, for example, collaboration between academics, researchers, legislators, community leaders and school staff. Evidence-based curricula have proven successful in American school environments. USA However, for successful implementation, curricula cannot be compromised by competitive academic content and priorities (Shegog et al. 2017). Finally, it is crucial that teachers receive adequate specialized training and support for teaching comprehensive sex education, regardless of whether part of the education is also provided by external actors. Integrating sex education training into regular teacher training courses, as has been done in Estonia and Finland, is an effective way to ensure that all teachers are adequately trained.
They say that including homosexuality in the curriculum would violate parents’ rights to control what their children are exposed to and that schools should not impose a specific political vision on students. Currently, many sex education curricula do not contain LGBT problems, and research has shown that students often feel they are not getting enough instruction in LGBT sex issues Scientific evidence gathered over many decades shows that the abstinence program is taught in Texas schools only until it is married, harmful and ineffective in reducing the number of teenage pregnancies in Texas. Despite these facts, recently published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, AOUM programs are still funded by the United States government.